STUDY ON CLINICAL PROFILE OF PATIENTS WITH AMBLYOPIA: A HOSPITAL BASED PROSPECTIVE STUDY.
Keywords:Children, amblyopia, refractive error, visual acuity
Objectives: This present study was to evaluate the clinical profile of patients with amblyopia.
Methods: A detail history, clinical examinations and relevant investigations were performed to all cases of amblyopia. Cycloplegic refraction under atropine sulphate 1 % eye ointment for 5-10 years and eye drop homatropine 2 % for 11-20 years age group was performed. Management material was tissue paper and micropore tape for patching. It was done in the form of 3 hours or 6 hours patching. Visual improvement tested every month upto 3 months and then after 3 months by Snellen’s distant visual acuity or Landolt C chart.
Results: Data was analyzed by using simple statistics methods with the help of MS-Office software.
Conclusions: Amblyopia was commonly seen in children. Anisometropic amblyopia was very common. Refractive error was commonly seen in cases with hypermetropia with astigmatism, myopia with astigmatism and hypermetropia. Majorities of these cases had 2-4D and 4.25-6D refractive error differences and had 6/24-6/12 visual acuity.Alternate divergent and unilateral partially accommodative convergent were the most common type of squint seen. Majorities of cases with anisometropic amblyopia had seen >2 snellen’s line improvement of visual acuity in 3 hours patching regimens. Hence, early intervention is ideal, with appropriate management and treatment amblyopia patients are likely obtain a successful outcome, and possibly full resolution.
Key words: Children, amblyopia, refractive error, visual acuity